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Creating a Rubric: Tutorial


This website comes from the University of Southern Florida and is a great resource for creating an effective rubric. This page addresses what a rubric is, why a rubric should be used, and the steps to creating a rubric.

What is a rubric?

A rubric is a tool used by instructors to assess the performance of students. It lists the dimensions or tasks of an assignments and the criteria used to assess each dimension. It differs from a check-list in it's ability to show various levels of quality for each dimension and assigns points to each level of quality.

Why should I use a rubric?

Rubrics are typically used with assignments that are subjective and can serve to help students understand the instructors expectations. A rubric also helps a student evaluate their own work and identify areas in which they can improve. Rubrics also help to increase the consistency of grading.

Steps to create a rubric

  1. Record the performance objective - This should identify specific knowledge, skills, or attitudes the learner should gain or display.
  2. Identify the dimensions/task comprising the performance - These can be specific tasks or can address a variety of intellectual or cognitive competencies. They can also be defined by national standard, job-related competencies, etc.
  3. Identify the potential gradations of quality - Gradations are the descriptive levels of quality starting with worst quality up to best quality.
  4. Assign a point value to each gradation - This can be a simple division of the total points or can be used to determine total points possible
  5. Identify the criteria for each level of quality within a dimension/task - Start with the highest quality in each dimension and then identify flaws that will lead to points being deducted. 
  6. Create a rubric table - This can be done through excel or a template can easily be found on the internet.

Key Points

  • Rubrics allow for more robust grading that a simple checklist
  • Rubrics allow students to have a better understanding of instructor expectations
  • Rubrics can evaluate specific tasks or broader concepts

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