Creating a Rubric: Tutorial
This website comes from the University of Southern Florida and is a great resource for creating an effective rubric. This page addresses what a rubric is, why a rubric should be used, and the steps to creating a rubric.
What is a rubric?
A rubric is a tool used by instructors to assess the performance of students. It lists the dimensions or tasks of an assignments and the criteria used to assess each dimension. It differs from a check-list in it's ability to show various levels of quality for each dimension and assigns points to each level of quality.
Why should I use a rubric?
Rubrics are typically used with assignments that are subjective and can serve to help students understand the instructors expectations. A rubric also helps a student evaluate their own work and identify areas in which they can improve. Rubrics also help to increase the consistency of grading.
Steps to create a rubric
- Record the performance objective - This should identify specific knowledge, skills, or attitudes the learner should gain or display.
- Identify the dimensions/task comprising the performance - These can be specific tasks or can address a variety of intellectual or cognitive competencies. They can also be defined by national standard, job-related competencies, etc.
- Identify the potential gradations of quality - Gradations are the descriptive levels of quality starting with worst quality up to best quality.
- Assign a point value to each gradation - This can be a simple division of the total points or can be used to determine total points possible
- Identify the criteria for each level of quality within a dimension/task - Start with the highest quality in each dimension and then identify flaws that will lead to points being deducted.
- Create a rubric table - This can be done through excel or a template can easily be found on the internet.
- Rubrics allow for more robust grading that a simple checklist
- Rubrics allow students to have a better understanding of instructor expectations
- Rubrics can evaluate specific tasks or broader concepts